Labor-Related Publications

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

"Labor Law and the First Amendment," Cato Journal, Spring/Summer 1985, pp. 203 218

"Labor Law and Labor Management Cooperation: Two Incompatible Views," Cato Journal, Winter 1987, pp. 933 950

"The Varieties of `Right to Work': An Essay in Honor of W.H.Hutt," Managerial & Decision Economics, Winter 1988, pp. 33 43

"American Union Law: Sources of Conflict," Journal of Labor Research, Summer 1990, pp. 269 292

Labor Law Reform: Lessons From History," Cato Journal, Spring/Summer 1990, pp. 175 209.

"Toward Equality and Justice in Labor Markets," The Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, Summer 1995, pp. 163-186

"Equality FOR the Labor Market: An Appreciation of W.H. Hutt," Journal of Labor Research, Spring 1997, pp. 239-264.

"Union Friendly Legislation and Union Density: A Laffer Curve Analysis," The Journal of Private Enterprise, Volume XIV, 1998, pp. 29-39.

"Right to Work Before and After 14(b)," Journal of Labor Research, Summer 1998, pp. 471-493.

"Labour Relations in the 21st Century: Lessons from W.H. Hutt," South African Journal of Economics, Fall 1998, pp. 196-211.

"Unions and Antitrust," The Journal of Labor Research, Vol.21, No. 4 (Fall 2000): 585-600.

"Toward Voluntary Unionism," The Journal of Private Enterprise, Volume XVII, No. 1 (Fall 2001), pp. 77-96

"Reply to Hoagler and LaJeunesse's 'Oklahoma's Right to Work Initiative: Labor Policy and Political Ideology," (with Stan Greer), Labor Law Journal, Volume. 54, Issue No. 2 (Summer 2003), pp. 89-100.

"Catholic Social Teaching and Unionism," Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaine, Vol. XIII Number 2/3 (September 2003): 353-375.

"The Phony Case Against the Taft-Hartley Act, and the Correct One," (with Stan Greer), Labor Law Journal, Volume 55, No. 1, (Spring 2004), pp. 25-37

"Hayek on Labor Unions: Coercion and the Rule of Law," Journal of Private Enterprise, Fall 2007: 30-51

"Hayek on Labor Unions: Economic and Social Consequences," Journal of Private Enterprise, Spring 2008: 19-37

"Toward a Free-Market Union Law,"  Cato Journal, Winter 2010: 215-234.

"Government-Sector Unionism and Human Rights," Human Rights Review, July 2012.

"American Unionism and Freedo
http://journal.apee.org/index.php?title=Spring2013_1m of Association,"  Journal of Private Enterprise, Spring 2013: 1-21

In Controversy: Are Labor Unions Essential for Social Flourishing? Journal of Markets & Morality, Volume 17, Number 2
http://www.marketsandmorality.com/index.php/mandm/issue/view/34 :
"Individualism and Voluntarism," (pp. 525-532) (pdf available at above URL).
"Our Remaining Differences," (pp. 539-543) (pdf available at above URL).

Other Journal Articles

"Some Philosophical and Economic Arguments in Support of Union Free Colleges and Universities," Government Union Review, Spring 1981, pp. 22- 30

"Polish Solidarity vs. American Unionism"    Government Union Review, Winter 1982, pp. 47 -57.

"Teacher Unions, Educational Quality, and a Free Market Remedy," Government Union Review, Summer 1984, pp. 12- 31

"Comparable Worth: The Labor Theory of Value and Worse," Government Union Review, Winter 1985, pp. 1- 29

"Labor Law and Entrepreneurial Discovery," Austrian Economics Newsletter, Summer 1985, pp. 1- 5

"Strikes Against Government: The California Supreme Court Decision,"Government Union Review, Winter 1986, pp. 1- 29

"Perils in the Carnegie Forum Report on Teaching," Government Union Review, Winter 1987, pp. 25- 46

"Pennsylvania's Act 195: Twenty Years of Folly," Government Union Review, Summer 1989, pp. 1- 39

"The European Community's Social Charter: A Market Process Analysis,"Government Union Review, Fall 1990, pp. 1-31.

"On Strikers and Their Replacements," Government Union Review, Summer 1991, pp. 1-30.

"The Return of Big Labor," The World & I, July 1993, pp. 102-109.

"Are Quality Circles Illegal? Global Competition Meets the New Deal," Briefing Papers, No. 18, February 10, 1993, The Cato Institute.

"Outlawing Cooperation: Chapter Two," Regulation Magazine, Number 3, 1993, Cato Institute, pp. 12-15

"The Dunlop Commission Report: Friends of Unions," Government Union Review, Fall 1994, pp. 1-42.

"The Employment Contracts Act: Almost a Model for the World," The Social Critic,"Vol. 1, No. 3 (July/August 1996) pp. 22-27.

"Freedom and American Labor Relations Law: 1946-1996, 50th Anniversary Edition, The Freeman, May 1996, pp. 299-309

"Deregulation of the New Zealand Labor Market: Things Done and Left Undone,"The Social Critic, Vol.1, No.5 (November/December 1996) pp. 26-30.

"Unchaining the Workers," Regulation Magazine, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Fall 2001),  Cato Institute, pp. 12-13


Unionism and the Public Sector,    International Institute of Economic Research, University of California, Los Angeles, August 1978.

Opportunity or Privilege: Labor Legislation in America, Transaction Books, Rutgers University, 1984.

The Permissible Uses of Forced Union Dues: From Hanson to Beck, Policy Analysis, No. 174, July 24, 1992, the Cato Institute, Washington, D.C.

The Employment Contracts Act and Unjustifiable Dismissal,   New Zealand Business Roundtable, Wellington, New Zealand, August 1996.

Equality for the Labor Market: An Appreciation of WH Hutt, Free Market Foundation, Johannesburg, South Africa, Fall 1996.

The NEA and Its Federal Charter, Public Services Research Foundation, Vienna, VA, 1997

Liberating Labor, Grand Rapids, Michigan: The Acton Institute, 2003

The Teamster Freedom of Association Hustle, National Institute for Labor Relations Research, May 7, 2013

Chapters in Books

"On the Right to Strike," The Freeman, October 1990, pp. 387 391; reprinted in Hans F. Sennholz, ed., American Unionism: Fallacies and Follies, Foundation for Economic Education, Irvington-on-Hudson, NY, 1994, pp. 57-64.

"Unions Drop Their Mask," The Freeman, March 1991, pp. 91 95; reprinted in Hans F. Sennholz, ed., American Unionism: Fallacies and Follies, Foundation for Economic Education, Irvington-on-Hudson, NY, 1994. pp. 116-120.

"A Tale of Infamy: The Air Associates Strikes of 1941," The Freeman, April 1992, pp. 152-159; reprinted in Hans F. Sennholz, ed., American Unionism: Fallacies and Follies, Foundation for Economic Education, Irvington-on-Hudson, NY, 1994, pp. 100-115.

"Labor Law," Chapter 25 in CATO Handbook for the 104th Congress, Cato Institute, Washington, DC, 1995 pp.229-236.

"Labor Relations Law," Chapter 35, CATO Handbook for the 105th Congress, Washington, DC: The Cato Institute, February 1997, pp. 363-371.

"Union-Friendly Legislation and Union Density: A Laffer Curve Analysis," pp. 29-39 in Innovative Applications of the Laffer Curve, edited by Charles W. Baird and Jeff R. Clark, Probasco Chair of Free Enterprise, Chattanooga, TN 1998). I also wrote the Preface to this volume.

"A Model for South African Unionism" an Afterword for the 1998 reprint of W. H. Hutt's Theory of Collective Bargaining, Free Market Foundation, Johannesburg, South Africa, 1998, pp. 123-129.

"Labor Relations Law," Chapter 33, Cato Handbook for the 106th Congress, Cato Institute, Washington, DC, 1999, Chapter 33, pp. 343-52.

"Labor Relations Law," Chapter 37, Cato Handbook for the 107th Congress, Cato Institute, Washington, DC, 2001: 397-408.

"Labor Relations Law," Chapter 34, Cato Handbook for the 108th Congress, ,Cato Institute, Washington, DC, 2003: 345-59.

"Unionism," in Frohnen, Beer and Nelson (eds.), American Conservatism: An Encyclopedia, Intercollegiate Studies Institute Books, Wilmington, DE, 2006, pp. 879-881.

"Labor Unions," in the Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, Ronald Hamowy, ed.the CATO Institute, Washington, DC 2008: 278-79.

"Hayek on Labor Unions," Chapter 14 in Garrison, Roger W. and Barry, Norman, Elgar Companion to Hayekian Economics, Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar Publishing 2014: 314-342.

Book Reviews

"Public Employees, Unions, and the Erosion of Civic Trust: A Book Review"   Journal of Labor Research, Fall 1983, pp. 393 396

"The Politics of Teacher Unionism: A Book Review," Journal of Labor Research,Fall 1986, pp. 423 425

Book review: The New Unionism in the New Society: Public Sector Unions in the Redistributive State, by Leo Troy, The Freeman, May 1995, pp. 330-332

Book review: Rewarding Work by Edmund S. Phelps in The Freeman, June 1998, pp. 377-378

Book review: The Stakeholder Society, by Bruce Ackerman and Anne Alstott, in Ideas on Liberty, April 2000, pp 55-56.

Book review: Labor Economics from a Free Market Perspective, by Walter Block, World Scientific Publishing, 2008, The Freeman, June 2009, pp. 44-45.

Short Articles and Columns

"Solidarity and Labor Law Reform in the 1990s," The Freeman, June 1990, pp. 224 225

"Strikers and Scabs," The Freeman, March 1994, pp. 143-144.

"Labor Cartels, Competition and Government," The Freeman, August 1994, pp. 426-429.

"Perspective: Freedom-for Labor Day in New Zealand," The Freeman, October 1996, 650-651

"The Future of the Union Movement: Clues from the UPS Strike," The Freeman ,December 1997, pp. 738-740

"Elections, Extortion and Unions," The Freeman, January 1998, pp. 46-47.

"The Myth of Compulsory Union Membership," The Freeman, March 1998, pp. 155-156.

"Salt Without Savor," The Freeman, May 1998, pp. 319-320

"Who Wins in Strikes," The Freeman, August 1998, pp. 511-512

"Paycheck Protection in California: What Went Wrong?," The Freeman, November 1998, pp. 703-704

"The ILO's Strange Use of Words," The Freeman, February 1999, pp. 63-64.

"Just Deserts," The Freeman, March 1999, pp. 10-13.

"Recycling Labor, The Freeman, April 1999, pp. 8-12

"Tony Blair and Fairness at Work," The Freeman, May 1999, pp. 63-64.

"The AFL-CIO: Renaissance or Irrelevance?" The Freeman, November 1999, pp. 63-64

"Unions and Antitrust: Governmental Hypocrisy," Ideas on Liberty, February 2000, pp. 63-64

"Sources of Pro-union Sentimentality," Ideas on Liberty, March 2000, pp. 45-47

"Pulling Us Apart," Ideas on Liberty, May 2000, pp. 63-64.

"OSHA at Home," Ideas on Liberty, August 2000, pp. 63-64

"A Light Goes Out in New Zealand," Ideas on Liberty, September 2000, pp. 35-37.

"Congress and Public Safety Unionism," Ideas on Liberty , February 2001, pp. 63-64

"A Faculty Union's California Gold Rush: 'Malice in Plunderland' at Cal State," Labor Watch, Capital Research Center, Washington, DC, February 2001, pp. 1-7.

"It Depends on What the Meaning of 'Advice" Is," Ideas on Liberty, May 2001. pp. 63-64

"Unions Draft Temporary Workers," Ideas on Liberty, August 2001. pp. 63-64

"A Reply to a Labor Priest," Ideas on Liberty, September 2001, pp. 48-50.

"Bastiat and Unionism," Ideas on Liberty, November 2001, pp. 63-64

"Unions on the Run," Ideas on Liberty, February 2002. pp. 63-64

"Government Sector Unionism," Ideas on Liberty, May 2002. pp. 63-64

"The Living Wage Folly," Ideas on Liberty, June 2002, pp. 16-19

"On Freedom of Association," Ideas on Liberty, July 2002, pp. 14-16

"The PLA Hustle," Ideas on Liberty, August 2002, pp. 63-64.

"Unions Lose Again in Oklahoma," Ideas on Liberty, November 2002. pp. 63-64

"Labor Law and the West Coast Dock Dispute," Ideas on Liberty, February 2003, pp 63-64

"An Egregious Union Scandal," Ideas on Liberty,   May 2003, pp. 63-64

"Lessons from the Washington Teachers Union," Ideas on Liberty, September 2003, pp. 63-64

"California's Apprenticeship Scam," Ideas on Liberty, December 2003, pp. 39-40

"Back Toward Serfdom in New Zealand," The Freeman, April 2004, pp. 47-48

"The Public and the Unions," The Freeman, July/August 2004, pp. 47-48

"Henry Hazlitt on Unions," The Freeman, November 2004, pp. 47-48

"Henry Hazlitt on Unions, Part II, The Freeman, March 2005, pp. 47-48

"The Perils of Faculty Unionism," The Enterpriser, Probasco Chair of Free Enterprise, University of Tennessee, Chattanooga, TN, Spring 2005, pp 4,6.

"Employee Free Choice and Top-Down Organizing, The Freeman, June 2005, pp. 47-48.

"Public Sector Labor-Management Cooperation and Unions," IPMA-HR News, International Public Management Association for Public Resources, Alexandria, VA, July 2005, pp. 5-6

"Australian Labor-Relations Sell-Out," The Freeman, October 2005, pp. 47-48.

"The Government-Created Right-to-Work Issue," The Freeman, January/February 2006, pp. 47-48.

"Unions and Abortion Protestors," The Freeman, May 2006, pp. 47-48.

"Freedom for Workers," The Freeman, September 2006. pp. 47-48.

"Hayek on the Rule of Law and Unions," The Freeman, December 2006, pp. 40-41.

"Hayek on Closed Shops and Yellow Dogs," The Freeman, April 2007, pp. 47-48.

"Closing A Malevolent Circle," The Freeman, July/August 2007, pp. 47-48
"Paycheck Protection: Much Less Than Meets the Eye," The Freeman, November 2007, pp. 47-48.

"Stealing for Union Bosses," The Freeman, March 2008, pp. 47-48

"Faculty Unions v. Academic Legitimacy," The Freeman, June 2008, pp. 47-48.

"Worker Freedom in Peril," The Freeman, October 2008. pp. 47-48

"How Bad Can it Get?" The Freeman, January 2009, pp. 47-48

"Organizing and the Organized," The Freeman, May 2009. pp. 47-48

"The EFCA and Compromise," The Freeman, September 2009, pp. 55-56

"Labor Day Is Not Union Day," Liberty Fund, Indianapolis, IN, September 7, 2009

"Benedict XVI on Labor Unions," The Freeman, December 2009, pp. 46-47.

"ObamaCare and Unions," The Freeman, April 2010, pp. 47-48.

"Unions Lose Respect," The Freeman, July/August 2010, pp. 47-48.

"Taking On Unions," The Freeman, November 2010, pp. 47-48

"Card Check Without Congress," The Freeman, March 2011: 47-48.

"Faculty Unions: A Terrible Idea, " The Pope Center,  March 9, 2011.

"Freeing Labor Markets by Reforming Union Laws," Cato Institute, June 2011

"Crony Unionism: Private Sector," The Freeman, June 2011: 47-48.

"Crony Unionism: Government Sector," The Freeman, October  2011: 47-48.

"Hilda Solis, Secretary of Unions," FEE - In Brief, October 10, 2011

"The Political Economy of Government-Sector Unionism," paper written for Hillsdale College's Free Market Forum, October 27-29, 2011. Go to Panel 3

"Employer Speech and Workers' Freedom of Association," The Freeman, Jan/Feb 2012: 47-48

"The Employee Rights Act," The Freeman, May 2012: 47-48.

"Collective Bargaining and Human Rights," The Freeman, September 2012: 47-48

"School Buses, Teamsters, and Rent-Seeking," The Freeman, December 2012: 21-22

"Milton Friedman, Right to Work, and Free Riders," FEE In-Brief, April 9, 2013.

"Rex Obama and SCOTUS' Labor Pains," FEE IN-Brief, August 26, 2013.

"Employer Neutrality Agreements in Court," FEE In-Brief, November 12, 2013

"Outrage in Illinois," FEE In-Brief, February 21, 2014

"NLRB's Pro-union Ruling Attacks Private Higher Education," Pope Center for Higher Education Policy, March 18, 2015.

"NLRB's Pro-union Ruling Attacks Private Higher Education," Pope Center for Higher Education Policy, March 18, 2015.

"Predatory Boards and Workers Without Rights," FEE-In-Brief, April 15, 2015

"The First Amendment Could Break the Grip of Government Unions," FEE Daily, December 15, 2015

"California Labor Cartel, Saved by a Death," FEE Daily, April 6, 2016

"No Representation Without Consent," FEE Daily, May 19, 2017

"Does Economic Growth Have a Numeric Limit?" FEE Daily, June 23, 2017

"Good Reasons Not to Unionize," FEE Daily, August 14, 2017

"Unions Aren't as Popular as the Polls Would Have You Believe," FEE Daily, September 4, 2017

"Catholic Bishops against Mark Janus," The Acton Institute, February 7, 2018

"After Janus, New Models for Labor Relations," The Acton Institute, July 11, 2018

"After Janus: Vindication and Hope," James G. Martin Center, July 25, 2018

"Coercion in Government Employment," American Institute for Economic Research, August 19, 2019.

"That Labor Union Poll Is Not Believable," American Institute for Economic Research, August 30, 2019

"Reciprocity in Occupational Licensure Might Be a Bad Idea," American Institute for Economic Research, January 27, 2020.

"Bleak Future For Unions," InsideSources.com, February 5, 2020

"Government Action and Private Unions," American Institute for Economic Research, August 5, 2021

Promulgating the Freedom Philosophy
Through Writing and Speaking

Charles W. Baird, Ph. D.